Tag Archives: beekeeping

Bees in winter

I’ve not known a whole month like January when woke up to a carpet of hard frost in the back garden every day and had to put on five layers, including leggings under my jeans and two pairs of socks to cycle the 20 mins to work in central London!  The temperature has hovered around 5 C. So did the bees cope? Well actually this is better for them, than a mild winter when they’re out flying and using up their energy reserves. Honeybees huddle in their hive, keeping it nice and toasty by using their bodies and wings to create a shivering sensation that heats them and their home. (Rather like penguins on the ice). The cluster of some 10,000 worker bees and their queen will eat the honey left by the beekeeper. That’s fine if they’ve enough stores and it’s easy to get to it.  Problems can occur if it’s a mild winter when they need to eat more honey to fuel their flights outside the hive looking for the very few plants that are flowering.

FEEDING HONEYBEES FONDANT

Given the mild December, many beekeepers (even the ones like us that left each hive a super of honey) were out by mid January putting some bakers’ fondant on the top of their hives for the bees to eat if they were hungry.

For bumblebees, the cold weather is also good. Only the queen is alive at this time of year and she’ll be tucked away in a nest – probably an old mouse hole, or a compost bin, or under a pile of untouched leaves – ready to come out when it gets warmer. As long as she’s not disturbed, she’ll be just fine.

As for the cavity-nesting solitary bees that lay their eggs in hollow stems, or our man-made bee hotels, their babies spend the winter in a cosy cocoon before they emerge in the spring as adult bees. Here there’s just one tube in this cylindrical bee hotel that contains eggs. It’s the one you can see that has been sealed with mud.

 

 

FEEDING BEES EARLY POLLEN AND NECTAR

We can’t feed wild bees during the winter, but what we can do is think about how to feed them when they start flying by planting early forage, like this Sweet Box (Sarcococca),  which smells devine and was covered in honeybees foraging for pollen and nectar _ in preference to the Fondant – when the sun came out on Friday. I also spotted a huge bumblebee queen, but wasn’t quick enough to snap her on my phone.

 

 

Other early flowering beauties include:

  • Crocuses and Winter aconite (Eranthis hyemalis) - good for window boxes.
  • Shrubs like Mahonia and the fragrant, Winter honeysuckle (Lonicera fragrantissima).

More details here.

Early flowering Trees for Bees include:

  • cherries, like Prunus x incam ‘Okame’
  • or Pussy willow (Salix caprea) or Musk willow (Salix aegyptiaca), laden with pollen-rich catkins.

Speak to your local council or park manager about ‘sponsoring’ an early flowering tree for bees as we did last year.

 

Queen’s Park Bees

I really wasn’t expecting much from this hive this year since it looked very weak throughout the summer but had a peek this Sunday and was very happy to see that the colony had grown into a brood and half and looked very strong and healthy. I added a QE and stuck a super on top in the hope that they get really busy in the next 2-4 weeks and make a few frames of Queen’s Park honey. I am asking a lot from them but it can happen in London.

Queen in the super

Battersea – I was expecting a super full of honey but instead I got a queen in the super. At least she is a laying queen proven by the brood over a couple of frames.

There didn’t seem to be many bees though so I reckon they swarmed when we were away on holiday.

I replaced a couple of the empty brood frames with the two of the super frames that had the brood on them and placed the queen back downstairs. Leaving the hive with just one super.